Enzyme Technology Advantages & Applications
Enzyme technology broadly involves production, isolation, purification and use of enzymes (in soluble or immobilized form) for the ultimate benefit of humankind. In addition, recombinant DNA technology and protein engineering involved in the production of more efficient and useful enzymes are also a part of enzyme technology. Enzymes are the biocatalysts synthesized by living cells. They are complex protein molecules that bring about chemical reactions concerned with life. It is fortunate that enzymes continue to function (bring out catalysis) when they are separated from the cells i.e. in vitro. Basically, enzymes are nontoxic and biodegradable. They can be produced in large amounts by microorganisms for industrial applications. The biocatalysts (enzymes and cells) are used in multifarious ways in different field. Scientists has grouped the applications like therapeutic uses, analytical uses, manipulative uses, industrial purpose. It has the border range like food production, food processing and preservation, washing powders, textile manufacture, leather industry, paper industry, medical applications, and improvement of environment and in scientific research. Enzymes has produced in larger scale in Industries for various purposes they have converted into proteins, peptides, vitamins, antibodies, vaccines, antibiotics and many more. This session also covers Enzyme and Enzyme Technology applications, advantages and their advancements.