Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Rapid identification of microorganisms in the clinical microbiology can be of great value for selection of optimal patient management strategies for infections caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, mycobacteria, and parasites. Rapid identification of microorganisms in clinical samples enables expedient de-escalation from broad-spectrum agents to targeted antimicrobial therapy. The switch to tailored therapy minimizes risks of antibiotics, namely, disruption of normal flora, toxic side effects, and selective pressure. There is a critical need for new technologies in clinical microbiology, particularly for bloodstream infections, in which associated mortality is among the highest of all infections. Just as importantly, there is a need for the clinical laboratory community to embrace the practices of evidence-based interventional laboratory medicine and collaborate in translational research projects to establish the clinical utility, cost benefit, and impact of new technologies.

  • Track 1-1Drug and Health research
  • Track 1-2Medical advancement
  • Track 1-3 Interaction with environment
  • Track 1-4Phylogenetic analysis

Microbial diversity is an unseen national resource that deserves greater attention. It encompasses the spectrum of variability among all types of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses and many more) in the natural world and as altered by human intervention. Microbial diversity includes a vast array of organisms and suggests a spectrum of studies that are of importance for many national purposes. The following recommendations attempt to formulate critical initial efforts for several potential lead agencies. Some initiatives are within the preview of several agencies and will benefit from an inter agency approach.

  • Track 2-1Microscopic methods for assessing microbial diversity
  • Track 2-2Culture methods
  • Track 2-3Microbial Genome studies
  • Track 2-4Molecular and genomic methods
  • Track 2-5Microbial diversity and global environmental issues

Bacterial pathogenesis is the process by which bacteria infects a host. Not all bacteria are pathogens but some of them have the ability for pathogenesis. Many bacterial Infection forms biofilms with which its pathogenic nature increases.  Certain pathogens like Pseudomonas syringe injects virulence in plant host causing diseases. For the Diagnosis of Pathogenic microorganisms Direct Examination and Techniques includes Immunofluorescence, immuno-peroxidase staining, and other immunoassays may detect specific microbial antigens. Genetic probes identify genus- or species-specific DNA or RNA sequences. Forensic evidence involves application of forensic science, technology or "forensics", in order to identify the scene of an accident, specific objects from the trace evidence and often at a crime scene. It is usually submitted to court, which are obtained by scientific methods like by blood test, DNA test. 

  • Track 3-1Host Susceptibility
  • Track 3-2Bacterial Infectivity
  • Track 3-3Genetic and Molecular Basis for Virulence
  • Track 3-4Host-mediated Pathogenesis

Microbial genetics studies the genetics of very small (micro) organisms; bacteria, archaea, viruses and some protozoa and fungi.This involves the study of the genotype of microbial species and also the expression system in the form of phenotypes. In microorganisms, several kinds of recombination are known to occur. The most common form is general recombination, which usually involves a reciprocal exchange of DNA between a pair of DNA sequences. It occurs anywhere on the microbial chromosome and is typified by the exchanges occurring in bacterial transformation, bacterial recombination, and bacterial transduction.

  • Track 4-1Bacteria
  • Track 4-2Archaea
  • Track 4-3Fungi
  • Track 4-4Protozoa
  • Track 4-5Virus

Environmental microbiology is the study of the composition and physiology of microbial communities in the environment. The environment in this case means the soil, water, air and sediments covering the planet and can also include the animals and plants that inhabit these areas. Environmental microbiology also includes the study of microorganisms that exist in artificial environments such as bioreactors.

Microbes are everywhere in the biosphere, and their presence invariably affects the environment that they are growing in. The effects of microorganisms on their environment can be beneficial or harmful or inapparent with regard to human measure or observation. Since a good part of this text concerns harmful activities of microbes (i.e., agents of disease) the beneficial activities and exploitations of microorganisms as they relate to human culture. The beneficial effects of microbes derive from their metabolic activities in the environment, their associations with plants and animals, and from their use in food production and biotechnological processes.

  • Track 5-1Microbial ecology
  • Track 5-2Microbially mediated nutrient cycling
  • Track 5-3Geo,soil,water,aero microbiology
  • Track 5-4Microbial diversity
  • Track 5-5Bioremediation
  • Track 5-6Biodegradation
  • Track 5-7Bio deterioration

Industrial and Food Microbiology deals with the production of microbial biomass or microbial products by a process called fermentation . During the growth of microbes, later on identified as yeasts, in the extracts of fruits/cereals there is evolution of CO2 gas which bubbles out of media thus giving the appearance of a boiling broth. It is the study of microorganism that inhabits, create and contaminate the food. It even deals with the study about the microorganisms that cause the spoilage of food and  Probiotics is one of the most important aspects of food science.

Industrial Microbiologists work on the utilization of microbes in the manufacturing of food and industrial products, such as pharmaceuticals, food, beverage, and chemical, and energy. microbiology which deals with screening, improvement , management, and exploitation of microorganisms for the production of various useful end products on a large scale.

  • Track 6-1Production of antibiotics and pharmaceutical products
  • Track 6-2Industrial beneficial micro organismsIndustrial beneficial micro organisms
  • Track 6-3Biopolymers
  • Track 6-4Probiotics, Prebiotics & Synbiotics
  • Track 6-5Food processing ,transport and safety
  • Track 6-6Beverage production
  • Track 6-7Fermentation
  • Track 6-8Waste treatment in industry

Microbiology has evolved and transitioned a lot since 384 BC, during the times of Aristotle & Plato, when people believed that living organisms could take birth from non-living organisms, to the 13th Century, when Rogen Bacon, termed the name “germ” for agents that cause diseases/ infections to Anthony Van Leuwenhoek, who in 1676 observed the very first microbes, the “Animalcules”, to the year 1878, when Sedillot coined the term, microbe- which is all included in the “Discovery Era” of Microbiology, which later transitioned into the “Transition Era” where the major contributions were made by Redi, Needham, & Spallanzi to the “Golden Era” of Louis Pasteur, Lister, Tyndall, Koch, Petri, Hesse, Jenner, Flemming & Ehrlich to the now, “Modern Era”, where the research in microbiology has evolved with the evolution in the technology which had bridged the gap of the disciplines of biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics. Microbiology, now is not only a single stand-off field, rather it is more of inter-depending & inter-related field, without which, other fields will crumble. Also, Microbiology has now, given rise to numerous sub-fields, which are in-turn a field in itself.

  • Track 7-1Microbial Biotechnology
  • Track 7-2Water Microbiology
  • Track 7-3Environmental Microbiology
  • Track 7-4Pharmaceutical Microbiology
  • Track 7-5Food Microbiology
  • Track 7-6Medical Microbiology
  • Track 7-7Clinical Microbiology
  • Track 7-8Applied Microbiology

It  is a branch of biological sciences that deals with the study of parasites and parasitism

Parasites are organisms that exist on or in another organism and survive by feeding off the host it means that a parasite is an organism which is metabolically dependent on another organism for it survival. The branch of Microbial  parasitology deals not only with symbiosis, but also with numerous other such associations with the organisms that sustain both outside and inside of our body, also called as host, hence the name host-pathogen interaction. These interactions commonly take place between a parasite and a host, where the parasites take dual nourishment with the host playing a major role by supporting the parasite, which are either helminths, protozoan and arthropods, which although are parasites, but do not harm the host body, rather, some of them assist the host body in regulating its biological systems. Although, they do not cause any major damage, but they are opportunistic parasites, which cause major damage to the host system primarily when the body’s defence system is weak.  

  • Track 8-1Medical parasitology
  • Track 8-2Structural parasitology
  • Track 8-3Quantitative parasitology
  • Track 8-4Veterinary parasitology

Microbial Ecology deals with the scientific study and analysis of interactions among organisms and their environment. It is an interdisciplinary field that involve Biology and Earth science. An important focus for ecologists is how to improve the understanding of biodiversity that affects ecological function. This includes all microbial ecosystems, environmental applications, human health interactions, infectious diseases, the human microbiome, as well as interactions between microbes and macroorganisms. Topics will also include technological developments and applications of microbes in agriculture, the oceans, and soils. Finally, we will include implications of current knowledge for the developing world, and for training the next generation of scientists

  • Track 9-1Eukaryota, Archaea, and Bacteria
  • Track 9-2Viruses, Fungi, Parasites
  • Track 9-3Applied environmental microbiology
  • Track 9-4Microbial Interactions
  • Track 9-5Bio-Geochemical Cycles

Veterinary Microbiology is an important platform that gives veterinarians and microbiologists an inter-disciplinary forum, where, they can study various aspects of the infections caused by the pathogenic microorganisms- the bacterial, viral & fungal infections in the animals, especially cattle by providing an in-depth understanding of ramifications of the microbial infections on the well-being of the animal, human health, and the economy. It primarily deals with the diagnosis of diseases of the animals. The field deals with the epidemiology, infection control, ethics, animal husbandry, and dairy technology.

Ancient Egyptian records, between 2000 B.C. and 1500 B.C. recorded the earliest known descriptions anthrax, rabies, sheep pox, & tuberculosis and also of the attempts to control the deadly infectious diseases. Similarly, the Greek and Roman empires during ancient times acknowledged the economic impact of animal health in relation to food, human & economic welfare, and thereby introduced strict regulations to control the animal diseases.

  • Track 10-1Outbreak of flu virus in Aves and Poultry
  • Track 10-2Bacterial Veterinary Infections
  • Track 10-3Transmission of infections from animals to humans
  • Track 10-4Advancements of Health care for Animals
  • Track 10-5Veterinary Vaccines
  • Track 10-6Fungal Veterinary Infections
  • Track 10-7Viral Veterinary Infections

Clinical microbiology is a bureau of therapeutic science stressed with the avoidance, forecast and cure of irresistible sicknesses. Advance, this train of innovative know-how inquire about various logical uses of organisms for the change of wellbeing condition. There are four sorts of microorganisms that cause irresistible sickness: microscopic organisms, growths, parasites and infections, and the type of irresistible protein known as prion.

A clinical microbiology look into the attributes of pathogens, their methods of transmission, systems of defilement and increment. The use of this data, a cure might be conceived. Clinical microbiologists regularly fill in as experts for doctors, introducing distinguishing proof of pathogens and proposing cure alternatives. A biosensor is a logical instrument which changes over a natural replication into an electrical flag. The expression "biosensor" is regularly used to decide the centralization of substances and different parameters of organic intrigue. Biomarkers are pointers which distinguish different organic properties and atoms and show unhealthy procedures in the body.

  • Track 11-1Pathology
  • Track 11-2Microscopic techniques
  • Track 11-3Cultural techniques
  • Track 11-4Market orientated device development
  • Track 11-5Clinical Applications of Mass Spectrometry
  • Track 11-6Biomarker tools in microbial diagnosis

Medical Microbiology has received numerous breakthroughs in the branch of Microbiology, by it’s constant updates and adapting itself to various futuristic approaches, to suit the need of patients, outbreaks and the need to mark the instantaneous crisis that arises. It basically helps in the diagnosis of pathogenic microbes, their identification, assistance in the treatment and monitoring the dosages of the antibiotics and the scope of antibiotic resistance. The stages of studying a medically important microbe are the physical & biological properties, Bio-chemical properties, pathogenesis, Diagnostic tests, resistant properties, and prognosis.

  • Track 12-1Infectious Diseases
  • Track 12-2Bacterial infections and resistances
  • Track 12-3Combinations of Antimicrobial Agents
  • Track 12-4Bacteria signaling & Viral Gene Therapy
  • Track 12-5DNA sequencing and genomics & DNA Microarrays
  • Track 12-6Vaccines & Drugs
  • Track 12-7Functional Genomics

Vaccination is a process of administration of an antigenic material (vaccine) into a living mechanism. The clinical effect desired is to cause stimulation of an individual's immune system in order to develop an adaptive immunity against the pathogen constituting the vaccine. Vaccination is the most effective method of prevention for infectious diseases. Vaccine Adjuvants are components which potentiate the immune system and accelerate the immune responses to an antigen. It can also be termed as an immunologic adjuvant. These components act to induce, prolong, and enhance antigen-specific immune responses when used in combination with specific vaccine antigens.

Antimicrobial is the agent that kills or restricts the cell growth. To fight against the potential bacteria now-a-days, the manufacturing companies are coming up with more advanced antimicrobial liquids/soaps/sanitizers. Immunization/Vaccination is one of the most cost effective public health interventions to date, saving millions of lives1 and protecting countless children from illness and disability. As a direct result of immunization, polio is on the verge of eradication. Deaths from measles, a major child killer, declined by 71 per cent worldwide and by 80 per cent in sub Saharan Africa between 2000 and 2011.2 And 35 of 59 priority countries have eliminated maternal and neonatal tetanus.

  • Track 13-1Measles and mumps
  • Track 13-2Co-infections
  • Track 13-3Yellow fever
  • Track 13-4Schistosomiasis
  • Track 13-5Probiotics

The immune system it primarily detects various infectious agents thereby preventing the body from falling prey to these infectious agents; but the most essential task of the immune system is to categorize good from the bad, and complications arise, when the immune system malfunctions and starts eating away our healthy tissues, or destroying the healthy cells. Furthermore, along the course of evolution and mutations, these microbes have re-emerged stronger than ever and rapidly, and they too have their methods in avoiding the detection by the immune system, and are now quite adept in neutralising any attempts of detection by the T-cells. Along the lines of this evolution of pathogens, our immune system has also amped up their defence mechanisms in order to counter-act the antigens of pathogens. The defence mechanisms against different infectious diseases are possible due to the antimicrobial peptides known as defensins, which aid in enhancing the efficacy of phagocytosis. pathogens more effectively. Disorders caused by the malfunctioning of the immune system are  autoimmune diseases, which include cancer, diabetes, inflammation, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis among others. Infectious diseases are primarily caused by pathogenic microorganisms, like pathogenic bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites or nematodes, most of which are a part of the normal flora of our skin and system and are usually harmless- unless they find an “opening window”, which is when the immune system is weak or  compromised, and wreak havoc with the system; hence, these are termed as opportunistic pathogens.

  • Track 14-1Immunological techniques
  • Track 14-2Microbial Pathogenesis and Virulence
  • Track 14-3Immunological aspects of infection
  • Track 14-4Diagnosis & Treatment of Infectious Diseases
  • Track 14-5Immunology of HIV co-infections
  • Track 14-6Immune regulation
  • Track 14-7Infectious Diseases Prevention & Cure
  • Track 14-8Increasing Resistance of pathogens against anti-microbials

Bacteriology is a branch of microbiology that deals with the study of bacteria and the scientist who carries out his studies on bacteria are called as the bacteriologist. It involves the identification, classification and characterization of the bacterial species. Bacteria is a single celled prokaryotic organism that can be viewed only through microscope. 

Virology is a branch of microbiology that deals with the study of virus. It deals with the study of cultivation, genetics, taxonomy and disease producing properties. It covers a wide area comprising the structure, function, disease caused , diagnosis and treatment to the diseases caused by the viruses.

  • Track 15-1Anatomy,physiology and ecology of bacteria and virus
  • Track 15-2Genetics of bacteria and virus
  • Track 15-3Bacterial and viral genomics and metabolism
  • Track 15-4Advances in antibacterial antiviral infections and vaccines
  • Track 15-5Bacterial and viral diseases and cures
  • Track 15-6Uses of bacteria and viruses
  • Track 15-7Fermentation and culture techniques

Pure Microbiology provides a broad platform of a large plethora of research and plenty of new insights into different areas of Microbiology. Different branches of Microbiology include mycology, Virology, Immunology, infectious diseases , bacteriology, nematology, parasitology, etc., The antibiotics are the agents used against pathogenic bacteria, either orally or paternally. The USA has about $66.28 billion worth of antibiotics that are manufactured annually and is expected to attain $75 billion by the end of 2018. During the period of 2006-2012, it was seen that there was an annual growth of about 6-7% and is still growing gradually. Industries manufacturing the drugs and antibiotics have been on the steep rise and have been a fodder for the growing economy as well: Global demand for antibiotics is about 78% with penicillin having 10%, erythromycin with 9%, tetracycline being 3%, and chloramphenicol about 1.4%.Track16-1 Microbial Nutrition and Cultivation

  • Track 16-1Microbial Growth
  • Track 16-2Effect of Temperatures and in vitro antibacterial activity
  • Track 16-3Epidemiology of Emerging Infectious Diseases
  • Track 16-4Economic and Social Impact of microbes
  • Track 16-5Microbial metabolism and genetics
  • Track 16-6Microbial adhesion and signal transduction

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a viral infection that is passed between people through skin-to-skin contact. There are more than 100 varieties of HPV, 40 of which are passed through sexual contact and can affect your genitals, mouth, or throat.

HPV is a group of more than 150 related viruses. Each HPV virus in this large group is given a number which is called its HPV type. HPV is named for the warts (papillomas) some HPV types can cause. Some other HPV types can lead to cancer. Men and women can get cancer of mouth/ throat, and anus/rectum caused by HPV infections. Men can also get penile HPV cancer. In women, HPV infection can also cause cervical, vaginal, and vulvar HPV cancers. But there are vaccines that can prevent infection with the types of HPV that most commonly cause cancer.

Cancer immunology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology that is concerned with understanding the role of the immune system in the progression and development of cancer; the most well known application is cancer immunotherapy, which utilises the immune system as a treatment for cancer.

Immunotherapy, also called biologic therapy, is a type of cancer treatment that boosts the body's natural defences to fight the cancer. It uses substances made by the body or in a laboratory to improve or restore immune system function.