Vaccines & Antibiotics Production

 A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins, or one of its surface proteins. The agent stimulates the body's immune system to recognize the agent as a threat, destroy it, and to further recognize and destroy any of the microorganisms associated with that agent that it may encounter in the future. Vaccines can be prophylactic or therapeutic. Vaccines can be produced in four stages Antigen generation, cultivating or isolating the Antigens, Antigen purification, Adjuvant additions & Vaccine formulation. An antibiotic is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections. They may either kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria. A limited number of antibiotics also possess antiprotozoal activity. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses such as the common cold or influenza; drugs which inhibit viruses are termed antiviral drugs or antivirals rather than antibiotics. Antiviral drugs are a class of medication used specifically for treating viral infections rather than bacterial ones. Most antivirals are used for specific viral infections, while a broad-spectrum antiviral is effective against a wide range of viruses. Antibiotics are not the same as vaccines. Some antibiotics act by killing the bacteria while others prevent the bacteria from multiplying, leaving your own immune system to 'mop them up'. Vaccines are used to prevent infection, particularly viral infections. Antibiotics can be produced in four stages like Microbial Culture preparation, Fermentation, Isolation & Purification of antibiotics, Antibiotics refining, Quality Control of Antibiotics. This session covers the researches in Vaccines and Antibiotics.